The Sequalitchew

May 2006

Seventh Edition

President: Roxanne Woodruff
Vice President: Judy Smith
Secretary/Treasurer: Roger Newman
Webmaster: Greg Hitchcock

Spring Meeting

Our meeting this spring is scheduled for Sunday May 21st, 2006 at the DuPont City Hall 303 Barksdale Ave. DuPont, WA 98327. The doors will be open to us around 11am, bring a sack lunch. Our speaker will be Mr. Jerry Eckrom, who will speak to us on, “Racism and Slavery and the Struggle for Equality in the Pacific Northwest”. Those who have missed this presentation originally at the Washington State History Museum will have the opportunity to hear this presentation with our members. We would like to thank Mr. Eckrom for coming to meet with us and share his work.

At our Break time there will be some snacks and a raffle for any donated items will be held. Bring your thoughts, ideas, and histories and join us for a wonderful afternoon.

We meet bi-annually (May and October generally) at the DuPont City Hall and on occasion at the DuPont History Museum 207 Barksdale Ave DuPont, WA 98327 Our $5.00 dues are collected each spring. If you know someone who might be interested in joining, please pick up an application.

Queen Victoria’s Birthday Celebration

We hope that you will have the opportunity to visit the third site of Ft Nisqually up at Point Defiance on May 20th for the annual Queen Victoria’s Birthday Celebration. Step back in time, to the mid 1800’s, as the royal subjects of Ft Nisqually celebrate the birthday of her Royal majesty, Queen Victoria, with the firing of cannons, playing of bagpipes, volleys of muskets and birthday toasts. If you have questions or would like to participate in either event, please contact the fort at: 253/591-5339 or

Hudson’s Bay Company Land Tenures

(Colony of Vancouver’s Island)

As the last Chief Surveyor of Land Title in British Columbia, the author had decades of exposure to the Hudson’s Bay Company records for Fort Victoria as well as the Vancouver Island land records for the Puget’s Sound Agricultural Company and its successor the Puget’s Sound Agricultural Society.

Modeled along the structure of the late Justice Archer Martin’s 1898 book on the Red River Settlement (Manitoba) of the HBCo., this new volume consists of dozens of examples of land grants and conveyances, official maps, copies of old certificates of title and modern photographs interspersed with historical notes and biographies of the 52 original grantees who bought tracts of countryland from the company. Some familiar names that are recorded in this book are Edward Huggins, Edwin Kittson, Henry N. Peers, the Bishop of Columbia Modeste De Mers, and many other servants of the company who either invested in land around Fort Victoria or actually took up land for farming purposes.

Immigrant arrivals to the colony, on ships such as Cowlitz, Mary Dare, Princess Royal, Norman Morison, Tory, Harpooner &c. are tracked, as well as whether the arriving persons were indentured laborers, professionals, or company officials. Some arrivals such as the company surveyor Joseph Despard Pemberton, who left England on two days notice, arrived at the Chargres River to boat and walk across the Isthmus of Panama and then take the first available ship north to San Francisco and thence Astoria, mail boat to Fort Vancouver and finally from there to Victoria by ship, are recorded. Modeste De Mers, who traveled overland from Red River Settlement (as did a few settlers and company servants) to enter the Columbia region to set up Catholic missions and who then proceeded to Fort Victoria to purchase both town lots and countryland are also tracked.

The author has spent many years bringing this record of land dealings together and analyzing them in order to preserve that phase of the history of the early colony. In addition to the records in the Land Title Office, many of the early company business records, as well as some land records, which are housed at B.C. Archives have been researched to bring the historical land records and business practices of the company into focus.

This book offers the historian biographical and historically interesting insights, cross referenced with copies of real land documents, photographs and maps pertaining to the settlement of the early colony. Additionally it also is a reference book for the legal academic, land surveyor, and student of the law as well as government officials, since the effect and validity of these early land dealings is thoroughly discussed. Additionally, the company’s coal mining operations at Fort Rupert and Nanaimo are fully reviewed as well as Governor Douglas’ treaties with the local Indian populations.

The volume has an expected printing date in 2007.

David B. Clark, U.E., B.Sc. 

The following report was also sent to me as an e-mail, which shows a taste of David’s writing talents. He is very interested in our Descendants group and would like to hear from our members. Edwin Kittson’s land as shown is in the Metchosin district on Parry Bay.

Report on the Kittson land grant
Report on the Inspection of Kittson land grant

11/04/2006 – overcast day and low tide.

Parry Cross Road is a dead end but you can see an old road that is heavily overgrown and impassable. It looks like it has been out of service for many decades but I speculate that it probably was the original access to the salt lagoon area and the original farm.

Kittson Land Grant
Taylor Road runs right down to the sea with a small parking lot at the end. This is a modern straight paved road dividing two farms.

The area is mostly farms with large mansions or substantial housing in both Regency and Victorian styles and barns on site. Sheep farming seems to be the norm. I did not see any evidence of original buildings although there was a national historic site plaque near the Taylor Road turnoff to the sea. It stated that Governor Douglas owned land very near the sign (which is in the middle of the Kittson land) which he used for a hunting lodge. It also states that he enjoyed the pastoral ambience of the area.

It is quite a peaceful area outside of the subdivisions that are expanding west towards it. The land itself slopes gently to the sea. Port Angeles and the American coastal mountain range stand out in the distance across the Straits of Juan de Fuca. Some of it is well treed with substantial trees that must have been there when Edwin Kittson owned the area. The Kittson land is being farmed at present.

I walked along the beach east from Taylor Road and found the outlet from the salt marsh and photographed it from several angles. I also photographed the beachfront, a view to Victoria which can be seen in the extreme distance eastward and the marsh itself from several angles. It is hard to tell if it totals 3 acres but is large. It has 4-5 foot tall reeds growing around the edge and shorter vegetation towards the middle. It has a hand made timber and log bridge across it and the low area is fronted by seaside cottages and one rancher style house. I could not access the area without trespassing and there was no-one around to ask permission to move inland. There is evidence of driftwood blown inland (which I photographed) so I am quite sure the area floods with saltwater at extra high tides and during storms and does not entirely drain at low tide. I noticed a number of blue herons flying around the marsh so there is likely aquatic life in the marsh itself. It would be interesting to see if there are saltwater fish in the marsh.

The small stream feeding the marsh crosses William Head Road and falls away down through a steep treed gully.

NOTE to Roxanne. It will take a few weeks to get the photos processed but I will send you some with an explanation of where I took the photo so that you can get a feel for the area. I really liked it around there. If it wasn’t so far out of town and away from everything I wouldn’t mind owning land there and looking out over the ocean from a big picture window.

Dave Clark

Camp Montgomery

Camp Montgomery Naches Pass Branch of the Oregon Trail

This is spring and a time of cleaning and restoration. A few years back our Descendants group supported the restoration of the Cowlitz Landing sign which our family often notices as we stop along there to eat either coming or going to our meetings. It brings pride to know that we did our part to help there. Another area is now being brought to the attention of our group that is in bad need of cleaning and restoration. It is the Camp Montgomery Natches Pass Branch of the Oregon Trail monument. The above photo was taken by Rose Brownfield and her husband. Marianne Scott did some research on the site with the following information provided thus far.

“I called the state history museum several months ago and they told me the community association was free to do the work on the monument. They didn’t even have record of it because it is so old. I think it was put up in 1923. There are two more markers like it. One used to be on the corner of Military Road and Pacific Avenue, but the County moved it to the entrance of Spanaway Park when they widened the road. The other is at Ft Steilacoom in Lakewood. They have all been pilfered of the round metal emblem, a state seal I think.

Mostly it needs a bit of paint thinner to get the graffiti off of it. I just haven’t remembered to go out there and do the elbow work. It should be cleaned up before the 150th anniversary. There will be some press at that time and people will notice it.”

Marianne Scott

This topic will be one that we might discuss during our May meeting and hopefully we will be able to help resolve some of the cleaning for these markers.

Former DuPont Works Site

A letter was received this past February from Bob Martin, Project Manager for Weyerhaeuser, regarding the completion of Soil Remediation at Former DuPont Works Site and Transfer of DVD’s with Documentation of Archaeological Work. It reads as follows:

“The Weyerhaeuser and DuPont team is completing soil remediation work at the Former DuPont Works Site, located in the City of DuPont, Pierce County, Washington. This work has taken place over several years, and we greatly appreciate the support we have received from you and other interested parties. During the course of the work, we consulted with the State Department of Archaeology and Historic Preservation and the Nisqually Indian Tribe to provide for archaeological monitoring and some archaeological investigations, following the 1989 Memorandum of Agreement among the Washington State Historic Preservation Officer, Weyerhaeuser Real Estate Company, and the City of DuPont Regarding a Cultural Resources Management Program for Property within the City of DuPont, Pierce County, Washington (MOA). We also compiled a library of reports, state inventory, and National Register forms, notes, photographs, correspondence, and other documentation that was produced before and during the remediation work.

Following the MOA, we earlier provided Hudson’s Bay Company-era artifacts and documentation to the Ft. Nisqually Living History Museum, DuPont-era artifacts and documentation to the DuPont Historical Museum, and prehistoric artifacts and documentation to the Nisqually Tribe. At this time, we would like to provide you with two DVDs containing historical and archaeological documentation on the Former DuPont Works Site. One DVD has materials from Weyerhaeuser’s archives and the other has materials from work conducted by Historical Research Associates, Inc. from 2001 through 2005. We are attaching printed lists of contents for the two DVDs.

Thank you again for your support of this work, and it is my pleasure to transfer the documentation to you. Please contact me at 253-924-2930 or if you have questions.

Bob Martin
Project Manager.